Utility companies routinely summarize the reasons for any power outages in their newsletter or regular reports. The causes range from everything in the list above to animals making their way into transformers and other components. Whether the power outage lasts a few seconds or several days, business operations need to continue. And they need do so continuously and consistently.
UPS stands for uninterruptible power supply. And with a complete system, you can remove “power outage” from your list of worries. The technology continues to improve as the importance of maintaining power to essential systems and operations becomes more and more critical.
Many refer to the concept of backup power as a “backup plan,” and a UPS plays a big part of it. A UPS might be a single-phase or triple-phase configuration and could be powered by an array of batteries or a flywheel component.
Generally speaking, an uninterruptible power supply system can be anything from the little black box that sits somewhere near your desk and protects your personal computer to the mega-ton, megawatt models with the capacity to power big business.
Different UPS systems work in different ways. The office of Science and Technical Information provides in-depth information about the harmonics and electrical systems of UPSs, and so do the companies that sell and manufacture them. A UPS will normally be one of three main types, or sometimes a combination of them.
THE MAIN TYPES OF UPS SYSTEMS
• A standby UPS system might also be called an offline UPS or line-preferred UPS. It normally has an inverter, battery, static switch, low-pass filter and surge suppressor. The system remains on standby unless there’s a primary power failure.
• A line-interactive UPS system contains a battery and inverter that are always connected to the output, and if power fails, a switch changes the electrical flow. The continuous connection provides superior filtering.
• A double conversion UPS system has a backup battery that is charged by the input AC and powers the output inverter for a seamless switch.
Anywhere you have operations that can’t stop, there is a type of UPS available to make sure they don’t. The various types are as follows:
1. Data: A UPS for applications such as a server farm or communication center.
2. High Temp: Some people need a UPS that will withstand hotter-than-average environments.
3. Industrial UPS System: These power systems are geared toward use in such settings as manufacturing and other types of plants and factories.
4. Medical: Hospitals and other medical settings use a UPS to ensure continuous operation of critical equipment like life support.
5. Military: Systems are certified for quality under military specifications.
ADVANTAGES OF USING AN UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM
• Continuity: Experience no outages to critical equipment like computers to factory production lines.
• Consistency: Electronics within a UPS tells it when it needs to work and kicks in alternate power as needed, which eliminates glitches or surges and allows time to safely shut down main systems if and when needed.
• Protection: Safeguards against all the oddities of electricity such as surges, spikes, dips and failure because the UPS essentially senses those things and switches to alternate power before the anomalies cause damage.
• Filter: A line-interactive UPS acts as a kind of filter by refining the power as it comes into the UPS then adjusting its output so that internal systems receive a clean, consistent supply free of abnormalities.
These are just some of the industries that can benefit from UPS Systems:
• Hospitals and medical centers
• Electronics manufacturers
• Data and call centers
• TV stations
• Production-based manufacturers
• Telecommunications and cable companies
• Utility companies
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